Internationalization as Investment for Higher Education Institutions: Introducing a Framework to Enhance Investment in Internalization Practices

Jamshed Khalid, Anees Janee Ali, Md Shamimul Islam, Muhammad Khaleel, Qi Fang Shu


Prior research has reflected various conceptualizations of internationalization in higher education and offered various perspectives on its activities and practices which in result have produced different pragmatic outcomes. In the 21st century, higher education institutions (HEIs) are progressively mobile as well as globally competitive and in response practices and strategies adopted by HEIs needed to reshape in global context. The present study is the qualitative study based on prior literature and reveals a comprehensive review about the factors influencing internationalization practices. The present study contributed to the existing literature by illustrating a conceptual framework to enhance the investment in internationalization activities by HEIs. It is argued that effectiveness of internationalization depend on the rise of internationalization at home activities, student/staff exchange programs, expanding ventures and institutional networks and alliances. The study is prominently significant for HEIs as it is offering practical suggestions to speed up internationalization process.


International students; Internationalization; Investment; Globalization; Higher education.

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